To protect his estates in Kent, Richard built a castle … Athenry castle is a great example of Norman castles in Ireland. In order to do this, they needed to build defences to protect themselves while they advanced across the rest of the country. 3. 2. Chepstow Castle Looming from the clifftops above the river Wye, Chepstow was founded as a key defensive position immediately after the Norman invasion. Norman Castles in Ireland- Athenry Castle. Norman castles feature steep and often irregular stairs, see above, which would be considered impractical and unsafe these days. Canterbury Castle: Two castles were built in Canterbury during the Norman period. Norman Castles. The Architecture of Medieval castles were ambitious - state of the art castles of the Middle Ages. The Normans invaded England in 1066 and after killing England's King, they set about taking over the whole country. It will help you understand some of the more unusual features of the castle that I will be talking you through on this fun page to come, so keep reading! Castles also had to provide necessities for living (like sanitation, fresh water and cooking areas), which were especially important when the castle was under siege. Castle designs also changed to keep up with improvements in siege technology. Surviving domestic examples are far rarer, but include the so-called Jews’ Houses of Lincoln and the Constable’s House within Christchurch Castle , … Discuss as a class whether or not the physical geography of a particular place is important to deciding where to build a castle. First, some consideration of Swansea as a Norman castle-town is required. The Normans (1066 - 1215) built the first castles in the style of Motte and bailey and later stone castles for better protection. Ask the class to imagine they are … (1) Richard Fitz Gilbert, like the other Norman leaders, looked for sites that provided natural defences such as a steep hill or a large expanse of water. The Norman town at Swansea. The medieval era is also referred to as the Middle ages and we have spanned this period of time from the Norman Invasion of 1066 to the Tudor dynasty of the Renaissance which ended in 1603 An Englishman's home is said to be his castle, but before 1066 and the Norman conquest that wasn't really true. The Norman style appears at its most uncompromising in the great keeps of castles such as Dover and Rochester in Kent and Richmond in North Yorkshire. Back then, these steep stairs were part of a system of features that made your castle safe. It is estimated they built 50 castles in the first 20 years after the invasion. What Disney princess castle is in Tokyo? Introduce Norman castles, using the Background Information notes and images included in this pack. 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